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AtheistJon's Avatar Jump to comment 22 by AtheistJon

Article 1. There is a firm and perpetual peace and friendship between the United States of America and the Bey and subjects of Tripoli, of Barbary, made by the free consent of both parties, and guarantied by the most potent Dey and Regency of Algiers.

Art. 2. If any goods belonging to any nation with which either of the parties is at war, shall be loaded on board of vessels belonging to the other party, they shall pass free, and no attempt shall be made to take or detain them.

This is an interesting treaty since not long after this, this murderous Pasha Yusev of Tripoli declared war against the US anyway, and in 1804 took 300 prisoners from the USS Philadelphia, not just as POWs but as interned slaves. He should have been dealt with militarily as soon as possible. When Tobias Lear (on behalf of Thomas Jefferson) signed a new treaty with this same guy in 1805, it was a disgrace. The arabic translation of the "new" treaty (which in English said that no prisoners of war were to be taken as slaves) stipulated in Arabic that they would be taken as slaves. TJ and Lear were very stupid to sign this 2nd treaty and pay still further sums of tribute, when William Eaton and the US Marines and Navy together with a mercenary army had just conquered the Libyan city of Dern. These guys who bravely conquered Dern were betrayed by their own countrymen... I wouldn't have thought that Jefferson was capable of this. Read the story in "The Pirate Coast" by Richard Zacks.

Sun, 26 Jul 2009 21:22:00 UTC | #382455